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CHRISTIANITY, before hy _— _ Papal Corruptions and Uſu , AND _ | 5 5,

The reality of the KELDEES (an ordex © - | of Lay Religious) againſt the two laſt

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LETTER I. Containing an account of an Iriſh Manuſcript, GC,

SECTION I.

AM not without hopes (cx- cellent MEGALETOR) that you may have receiv'd

my account of the Goſpel of BARNABAS, as well as ſome benefit from the Original Plan of Chriſti- 2. anity : but I now do my

{elf the honor to give you .

an account of a Goſpel that will tend much more to your edification, and by which that Plan will be further illuſtrated. I mean a Latin Manuſcript copy, that I have now before me on the Table,

of the four Go/pels generally receiv'd inthe Chriſti-

an world. It is not onely very remarkable and valuable for being a relique of rhe ancient Iriſh Church, but moreover for being one of the cor- recteſt copies I have ever ſccn, and finely written

un Iriſh characters: as alſo for various Readings of

{ome

ſome entertainm=nt from

Pap. 18.

NAZARENUS. ſome -importance, for ſome very ſingular obſerva-

A { -— d

tions, and for a Catena Patrum on the Goſpel of

the Iriſh tongue) that deſtroys the credit of cer- tain corrupt editions of the FaTHERsz wherin ſome of thole paſſages being manifeſtly deprav'd, it

MarTTHaew (interſperſt with a few Notes in_

probably follows that many more are ſo, There.

1s an interlineary GJo/s of little worth in another hand, and ſome odd ſeparate'picces, among whom the Genealogy of Ca RIsT, which I told you in my laſt Letter did not begin the firſt chapter of MaTTHEW, But theſe Nozes, and ſome other books of this kind not yet made public, ſhow much filler and better than the - incomparable Archbiſhop Us ne & (the glory of Ireland) has ei- ther ' done, or for want of f | VC

do, what was the genuin Chriſtianity of the an- cent Iriſh : for the Iriſh and the Albanian Scots

with the Weſtern Britons, were the laſt of all European nations that ſubmitted (ſince neither the

_ Greecs nor the Waldenſes ever truely ſubmitted)

to the hierarchy, ceremonies, and doctrine of the Roman Church; tho they became the moſt eager {ticklers for it, with all 1ts ſuperſtitions, in after times of ignorance. 'This late Conformity is una» nimouſly agreed by the Church-hiftorians of all communions. FT appeal in particular to Baro N i= Us and SPANHEMIUS, ſince domeſtic writers

may be liable to ſufpicion. And fo farr, in effeCt,

were they from acknowledging any ſubjection to

the Church of Rome, or 1mplicitly eget Sg

to its Decrees; that, on the contrary, they di

ch vouchers cou'd

in very many things ſtrenuoufly oppole it : nor

—_——__ =

_ "IO _ _ A. DA —_— 4 Ls... 4 ”— _— "-

. 1. Tn his Diſcourſe of the Religion anciently profeſt by the Iriſh and the Prittiſh, Pe. ona ooh

of

wow'd Dacan, an Iriſh Biſhop in the beginning _

RS; OS FEELS. 4 SBS

# NS

. Lo . by [5 +) *H 64

» : 7

TO

PRI Fe;

\ % Z \ I S , ' F 9 4a —_ "_ hers” a _w "” - n a5 Std . ls | a \ « 3 EY # * - o . \ F %. las : "7 bt hn - » o 4 "Ma Brag. MESS v "wi. -u | v ., » 1, ERR. PRE OR Ws: bs | 416, 46, Wo , LS" V ; - - . : « 6. » 4 __ - P % L\ : [4 4 % F : » o « o F 2 y = 1 - . 4 1 j- : . 1 | , K-- p | . _— , # - - 4 = 4 of © 5 . . + 4 % : x > Y bs 1 - D a p . - : . . a | 4 I? <5 a k " *\; a o

of the 7th century, as much as cat with the Pope's agents.(whom he met 1n Britain) no not under the

ame * roof with them; ſo highly did he abhorr their impoſing Spirit, as they

und Co LU M BAN alſo did, an met in France. In ſhort, the Inh deny'd

communion with them and their Church z as the Roman Church, on the other hand, did then

treat the Iriſh as downright * Schiſmarics and He- retics, whoſe Clergy, with thoſe of the Britons

and Albanian Scots, were not only to be reor-.

dain'd (their country Ordination and Sacraments being by the Romariſts reputed invalid) but like- wiſe their people to be + rebaptiz'd, if they de- fir'd it. Here's the true ſource of the High-church ſpirits that infatuates ſo many among us at pre-

ent. Of Rome it is, and by this you may per--

ceive the maintainers of it to be failing for Rome : the ſpirit, I fay, of reordaining and rebaptizing, of unchurchiog and ynchriſtianing. The beſt ar- gument that Pope HoNnokivs the firſt cou'd uſe, towards reducing the Iriſh to the obedience

= * ——_—

fi. a. _

> ah 1-4 ad

2. Cognoſcentes Britones, Scottos meliores putavimus. Scottos vero per Daganum Epiſcopum in hanc infulam, & Columbanum Abbatem in Gallits, venientem, nihil diſcrepare a Britonibus in eorum- converſatione didicimus : nam Daganus Epiſcopus ad nos veniens, non folum cibum nobiſcum, ſed nec in eodem hoſpitio quo. veſcebamur, ſumere vohluit. Bed. Hiſt. Eccleſf I. 2. c. 4.

3. Sed perſtitit ille [ifridus] negare, ne ab Epiſcopis Scottis' [uts tunc vocabantur tum Hiberniae, tum borealis tncolae Britanniae velab iis quos Scotti ordinaverunt, conſe-rationem ſuſciperet, quo- rym communionem ſedes aſ{pernaretur apoſtolica. Gul. Malmesbur.

ae Goſs. Pontif. Angl. 1. 3, Videas licet ipſuas Wilfridi verba in ejus Vita,

ep. 12. ' 4. Licentiam quoque non habemus eis poſcentibus Chriſmam vel Euchariſtiam dare, ni ante confeſi fuerint, 'yelle ſe nobiſcum.

efſe in unitate Eccleſiae : & qui ex horum fimiliter gente, vel qua-

cunque, de Baptiſmo ſyo dubitayerint, baptizentur, Decrer, Pontif.

MS. ab Uſſeric cheat. 5

bbat of the ſame nation whom oy

d. : ”;

A . \ 44 A XJ - = s , Y b = 1 .

"oy "ERR

NAZARENUS. of the Roman ſee, was 5 exhorting them, not to eſteem their own ſmall number, ſeated in the extre: _ mities of the earth, to be wiſer than the ancient or © 4 #0ders Churches of CaRisT, that were thro-out the _

| world, Thus CUMmMi1aN, one of the Iriſh pro- | felytes to Rome, in his Letter to SE 61an Abbat [| of I-Colum-kill, defires him to 5 conſider, which {| are likelieſt to be in the right concerning the celebra-

; tion of Eaſter, the Jews, Greecs, Romans, and Egyp- | #:ans, agreeing together ; or a parcel of Britons and | Triſh, who are almoſt the remoteſt of mortals, and, as 1 may call them (continues he) the tetters of the terreſtrial globe. And again in the fame 7 Letter, | what can be more perverſely thought of our mother {| the Church, than if we ſhoud ſay? Rome errs, Je- | ruſalem errs, Alexandria errs, Antiochia errs, the whole world errs: but the Iriſh alone, and the Bri- | tons, are in the right. Now, this is ſtill the bur- | den of the ſong among us, this is the never-fatling | cant of every 'Theologaſter, and of every little bi- | Bot that licks up his go © are you wiſer than | © {o many Fathers, Councils, Princes, Nations? + | © Do you know more than all the world beſides ?

But it will be very ſurprizing, when a true ac-

bi

—_—

___ ————— —_—

I en

__ . —_ Eankas 6 %

5. Exhortans, ne paucitatem ſuam, in extremis terrae finibus conſtitutam, ſapientiorem antiquis ſive modernis, quae per orbem rerrae ſunt, Chriſti eccleſiis aeſtimarent. Bed, His. Ecclef, I. 2. c. 19. Videatuy etiam fuſins de hac re, I. 3. c. 25.

6. Vos conſiderate utrum Hebraei, & Graeci, & Latini, & Aegyptii, ſimul in obſervatione praecipuarum ſolennitatum unitt; an Britonum Scottorumque particula, qui ſunt pene extrem!, & (ut 172 dicam) mcntagrae orbis terrarum. Cummiant Hiberni ad Segi- enum Huenſem Abbatem, Epiſtola MS. tn Biblioth. Cotton, e3 edit. as

_ Uſer. tm Epiſtolar. Hiveraicar. Sjlioge. |

7. Quid autem pravius ſentiri poteſt de Fcclehia matre, quam ft

dicamus? Roma crrat, Hierofolyma errat, Alexandria errat, Antio-

chia errat, totus mundus errat : Soli t2ntum Scoti & Britones reftum ſapiunt, 14, ibid. | |

Py nn

_ _ =D notulſs g fa, at a - Cs Ms a ita OO a A FOE or” IEA

6 EA Df rt ©. —_—_

01 ag AO AAU i OS PO ra a re

thts how, EE OR

Count,

FR Ss P of Wa WS I RIC 4 A tbe

. 262-4 ff * 6X F*. TL RES —_—

a Bl of ; a \ \ - Paws , \ TR” p - "1 | . ; and 4 " %. . y , f ”- c

_ teſt about the celebration of

©

account is given of the ſolid Learning and pure Chriſtianity, that anciently floriſh'd in the moſt diſtant even of the Britiſh Iets : and it appears that as low as the 10th century, the famous con-

Later (a queſtion in it {elf unneceſſary and inſignificant) was ſtill kept on foot in theſe Ilands; as Usnexr judiciouſly * obſerves, out of the anonymous writer of Cu ry- SosSTOM's Life. But uſeleſs as this queſtion does otherwiſe appear, yet we learn by it, that the in- habitants of our Britiſh world thought then as highly of Conſtantinople as of Rome, without

ſervilely ſubjecting themſelves to the deciſions of

either: and that they judg'd the New Teſtament clear enough, and ſufficient of it ſelf, in all things relating to Salvation z being ſo little acquainted with the Fathers (tho by that time grown fond of Tradition) as to have but one ſuch piece among them relating to Eccleſiaſtical uſages. And hap-

py had it been for them, 1t none of the extrayas _ gant fancies of the Fathers, nor any other human

Traditions in Religion, had been ever diſſemina» ted in their Schools or in their Churches. Bur becauſe Us HER has given us only a bare hint, and that the paſſage of CurysosToM's Life has not been otherwiſe notic'd (that I know of}

nor even as much as tranſlated, I ſhall here give it you entire. Certain 9 Clergymen from among

thoſe,

8. Diſcourſe of the Religion profeft by the ancient Iriſh and Britiſh, chap. 10. pag. 114. |

9. KAcertzor ap TIVES TOY is aUTH ov THh Are THY 0 KOUMEING OIKOUYT EV, VEL TIVOY EXLANGIASINGY FREIS 0T5a!, THHts TE TE TAY AAU at AxetBovg Kdahnnios, T1 Bd- ClMDa mov LATHNGA3OUTES, TE TMTNG M-TNWVIKOUTE, Wd]e!= Yn TEITEAnALIas!, MeFod1O- 61]Or Sty aalego tr tmid)t-

©-3 vo ov oodey]e, nai mio YN 2424p Kew 266]nTer]ec, Toy :

Nxierite; args Ha did]er3uy: Thy T5 ailigy, I iv eTmH% SNANKRT ly

ES Oe cmm—_ ——

ms AAS <a eertnetee -

PITT A il \ . hs TRA C ED Y R wo 4 * 4 F 6

thoſe, who inhabit the extremities of the wortdy ©

Famous in the days of our anceſtors; by whom boing

4 n ot Za Cab Fr ies 7 ne tin Yd 4. wy) TEL I TIO ! —Y Y p . K b = s 3% ; - K- © - 4 # . & Wa > , $.. ++ l ; - \ o . : & 4 p a n

coming upon the arcount 0

tions, but particularly the obſervation and exutt Ful- culation of Eafter, to the royal city [of Conſtantino- ple] did wait upon the Patriarth who at that time refeded therin. This was METHoODIUS, # mar

gueſtion'd from what place, and on what ortaſion, they had travelÞd thither ? they anſwer'd, that they came from the "* Schools of the Ocean; ani withall they clearly explain'd to him, the occaſion of coming

from their own country. Upon his asking them, what

books of holy SCRIPTURE were read there by

the inhabitants? they anſwer'd, that they mane uſe of the *: Goſpel and the Apoſtle, and of thoſe onely : | But

lt

Pnunxass Fapes £-erroy awTw. Tov os motais Th; Seids Yeaons PiBatois Ut Exe08 Kdſuyo FYoadoeo rw amol] Of? Tw EuayYEAw Kar To ATISIAGP YplTFau, Kat jOVOFG, RTEAOY He

Fayre. Toa Ss ante) Ot avis wnadltpor xat SiS aciuarcoy

COU v7 £xÞootow? ty ever poroBiBAtoy wap avjors, ant neweay]o, Tx yerooromov malp@-; St ov Thy Ts ait51y Teavots 444 THY TAY £170A@y atetBagy aſa avjors £Zey mere: mori Ts JtsBsCauourre uaY nas t& auy]s mhuggpurX Ths @AHas, eiyat Te Taex Facly Ene%5 0 tyHAv KAsL OF eveor TTL TO BrBAtov, PiAofrovas auvſots d\AG Wap” axaov peayergo ery. "OuTWws 0v AI, Ws aTHY, Oh £3, ov Nwge., THWs £% TOY pEY 24200 ©rAdgs ap orpOr carr. |

10. Arden interdum ſumitur pro ipſo locs, in quo. Philoſophi &> Dottores Sta]erBousr: fic apud Suidam, in hac voce, eft inter alios ſenſus o TnOGr- ey © Tives peavyavoust; Oh de ſeipſo loquens Aulus Gellius, ut alios praeteream, interrogavi (inquit) ih Diatriba Taurum,

an ſapiens iraſceretur ? dabat enim faepe, poſt quotidianas leRtio-

ap. 26. 11, He means the four Goſpels, with the Acts and Epiſtles of the Apoſtles, which make

up the Canon of the New Teſtament; as may

nes, quacrendi quod + 8 yellet poteſtatem. Lib. 1. c

be ſeen by BEDE, diſcourſmg upon this very diſpute about Eaſter among the Britons and the Scots: who being ſituated (ſays he) farr beyond the Occan,no body ſent them the Synodal decrees concerning the ob- ſervation of Eaſter; ſo that they only carefully obſery'd the works of picty and purity, which they learnt out of the writings of the | | | Prophets,

f ſome ecclefiaftical Trad |

*NAZ ARENUS. * 1 But be farther demanding, by what Traditions 'of + #be. Fathers or Doftors they govern'd themſelves ?

' they ſaid, that they bad one onely book of the Fas ther CyurRYSOSTOM, from whence they happen'd * clearly to learn the Faith, and the exatt obſervation

' of the commands; affirming, that they daily reap'd . great advantage by this piece, which was very agree- _ . able and acceptable to all, being handed about from . one to another, and diligently tranſcrib'd : inſomuch ' that there was no city (as they ſaid) nor any of

their Clans, or territories, that remain'd void of ſo great and important a benefit. I ſhall make no other remark now upon this curious paſſage, but

| that as theſe Oceaners cou'd find no footiteps of Eaſter in their Go/pels and Epiſtles at home ; fo if they had obſerv'd no Eaſter at all, they needed not to have been at the expenſe, pains, and ha-

| zard, of going a Tradition-hunting from I-cotum- kill all the way to Conſtantinople. And, pray, is it not as maniteſt as the ſun at noon, to what danger the peace of theſe nations, and the purity of the faith it ſelf, have been of a long time ex- pRne? on account of Ceremonies, Habits, ſtated aſts and Feſtivals, with many other ſuch mattersz no where commanded in the Go/pe/, but built up- on Traditions extremely dubious, and tbſolutely uſeleſs were they ever fo certain. Nor ſhou'd it paſs unobſery'd, that in the Brittith Ilands we had

pelo a. dt - A bod. * -——l a.

"IP '"F\ "XA KT"

—_

Prophets, the Evangelifts, and the Apoſtles. Ht. Etcle/. 1.3. ec. 5, And ſpeaking in the third chapter of the ſame book about FIXNNAN Abbat of Hy, he omitted nothing{ſays he) of all that he knew was to be perform'd out of the Evangelic, or Apoſtolic, or Prophetical . writings5 but, to the utmoſt of his power, ſhow'd his obedience by his works. Ss that no alluſion is here made to thoſs Letionaries of the Greecs, wherof I have ſeen ſome; and which are calf'd the Go- J þ we and the Apoſtle, becaisſe they contain rhe Goſpels and Epiſites of eir daily Offices. |

11

4 i” \ * . w 4 : _ FO | S. X " 7% ha . . * 7 F 4 i) . - 3 \ Fy o : Ww”, . n | ou p m_—__ 4 = hn . 4 % » % g : : S . ' | *

in thoſe days moſt floriſhing Schools z it being +

, CES -

"Fd x * G P "ul®

likewiſe a thing very certain, that the Greec lan- $uage was taught in them, and particularly in tho

e of Ireland, long before this time. But of ®

-this ſubject at more leiſure. In the mean time, Sir, I cannot forbear giving you a memorable in-

. ſtance how cautious we ſhou'd be, in relying too much on the bold aſſertions of Critics or Anti- _

uaries : but eſpecially of your dealers in Manu- firipts, of whom I know very few whoſe judge- ment equals their induſtry; and among theſe I muſt do Mr. WaNnNLEy the juſtice to acknow- lege, that his great ability 1s ever accompany'd

with as great candor. Yet it was not want of

F | K - * ( judgement, but the vanity to appear ignorant of | ,

nothing, that made father S1MoN commit {ſo

many proons blunders and miſtakes, about the

Iriſh Manuſcript of the Goſpels which I have hap- pily diſcover'd; and wherof he treats in the 18th chapter of the firſt rome of his Bibliotheque Cri- tique, where he writes of it profeſſedly. So farr he's in the right, when he ſays it is a very ** fair copy; nor is he yoid of all skill (tho ſomwhat .miſtaken) when he gueſles the age of it to be 800 Years. But, miſled by the afhinity of the cha- racters, he affirms in the firſt place, that the book

is written in old Saxon letters, and that there are | ſome lines in the 73 Saxon language at the end of _ it. This ſhows that he underitood not a word of

Saxon, no more than of Iriſh : for they are all

_ thro-out the book very neat Iriſh characters ;- and

thoſe lines at the end are every word of *em pure

12, On trouve dans la Bibliotheque du Roy un beau Manuſcript Latin des ey Evangiles, ecrit i] y a pour le moins Boo ans, en |

yieux caracteres Saxons.

13. Il ajoute [le copiſte] a !a fin de fon exemplaire, pluſieurs x

- xz

rs

o |

Y - Wi Is {h 5 1 E

8H

ws

*

54

lignes en langage Saxon,

74 Os

p ' he _ WO. = * , \

© Triſh except 4 conſcripft hunc librum, which im- * mediately follow the name of the writer, In ? the next place he declares without any doubt or * heſitation, that the writer was an 5 Engliſh Be- nediftin monk, and that his name was Do m AELBRIGTE. When I firſt read this paſſage \ ] was perfe&ly aſtoniſh'd, fince thoſe lines were ' as ealy to me, as his Pater noſter cou'd be to Fa- - ther StMoN. But being pritty well acquainted - with the myſteries of the Critical Art Divinats- 7y, I quickly perceiv'd that the good Father, | wholly ignorant of the Iriſh language, and yet

| knowing that the BenediCtins were formerly nu-

. merous in England, took do Maolbrigte to be Dom - Aelbrighte; this laſt being a Saxon name, and * Dom being as commonly prefixt to the proper

' names of the BenediCtins, as $7r is to thoſe of

> neſs by an emendation. Now the real truth of

ot P73 oy 6h

—_Kr =

e, Ky

14. Wrote this book.

* 15. Le Copiſte, qui ctoit un Moine BenediQin, prend le noma 2 de Dom F#lbrigte, : 4 H the

4

A;

6 . » 7 £1 k _—_— * F _. ? K $ , - , Se UAE IX 4 «, 3 +1 *- 4 j a 6 dts Ati; , ONT TT OR FO4” FII"7 4.4 + Ye 4 : BF < l : n {a »+ £1 Fl. S- ay 2% 0 P Sa. Ln : " (ey "1 0 ' Tx FR « s 4 -s F * TX) = ; . #5 P, " P % 4A Py J . 4 ? L , . | | I I » * s Þ, : -% ; . . IJ : : : Ld I : at” - 4 6 4 »Hy | . [._ 2 4 » . A

oy”) and _ -- —» 7 ak” fs on COD mY ds w_— ; x t F Woe tt EE; . 4 =y 7

| Y y - nnax.x} ; n ; my 4 , , 1 : W.. . Mg 1 * be a. % 8 - -. 4 > \ #7: . "t : - p a 9. % Þ : bi eu , \ | | PR 4 -* 6 [ | - " . ,

| * the matter is, that do ts-an wo com parti- * 0 | cle ſignifying fo, for, &c ;z and Maolbrigte the tran- # 1 . fcriber's name, fignifying 5 the ſervant of Br1- Z n 61T, or, according to the Latin analogy, and © b as the aboriginal Iriſh were wont to Latinize bf their own names, Br16iDiIanus. Maol and © | Gilla, two words ſignifying /ervant with the | \% fame difference as /ervus and fammulus in Latin, | begin abundance of Iriſh names: fo Maormvu- | FRE is MARIANUS, and likewiſe GiLLa- _

| _ MvVIRE; MaoLEaAsSPVUIC is EpiscCoPivUs,

|

GiLLACRIOSD is CHRISTIANUS, Gil- _ __EACOLUEM is COLUMBANUS as well as Ma- _ __ eLcoLvim. Thus Maorros0, GiLLamo, with -

| _ @& world of ſuch others, very common in that | country and in the highlands of Scotland. Our

MvurBRiDE then (that we may Anglify him) __ or BRIGHTMAN, Wrote-ſome of. this book at | The age of eight and twenty. This he tells us » i himſelf at the end of Marx, as well as his - It father's name at the end of Jonny; and ſo where he wrote the firit part, and where he finiſh'd the {ſecond part of his work, together with very par- | ticular dates from the lives or deaths of Kings | and Clergymen : things of which Father S1MoN q underſtood not in this place one ſyllable. This I | obyect not to him, as if I thought him oblig'd : { to underſtand Iriſh; or as if it were any deroga- |: tion to his great learning, that he underſtood | Saxon no better. Bur T think it abſurd in any 2 ti 1 man, to give himſelf an air of knowing what & he does not, which pretence cannot long im- 2? q, el la

0 mm Arn gat wy emmy odNY2 942

ant W 2 _— OST 2. .

*"- 93:5 4 * aw # - | Sn __

| poſe: and it muſt appear oy cgiouſly ridiculous, © 4 when ſuch a one will needs betray his ignorance, j | dy takeing Upon him to play the Critic 1n parts y 5 i " | Sos . FOE _ x b, ! 16, Servus Brigitae. Te

! Li 22

: q x; : a . » $5 aint ——Y"" Ing ox Y 5 5 - , ſ ; 4 SS ne on Hg «a WE SY» Oe BE. x ae ROS ; + * 4 « by :

* of Literature he has never ſtudy'd; particularly in languages as little intelligible to him, as Chi- neſe or Tartarian are to me. Nor cou'd I for- bear laughing, believe me, when I read in him, that the Saxon characters of this book were ye- ry finez but yet different from thoſe, which 77 Father MAB1LLoON hasexhibited in his book de Re Diplomatica. As for the Chain of the Fa- thers, or the collection of paſſages from their works to explain the text of Scripture, he ſays | (as I alfo fay) that it is made out of ** Hir a- - RY, FEROM, AMBROSE, GENNADIUS, - Bepx, and others. Some of theſe NOTES, - he » ſays, are very impertinent : and 2* lower, as ' for the NOTES, this work is a collefion good »* enough, when the collefor cites good authors; but when he ſpeaks of his own head, he ſomtimes utters great impertinencies. The meaning of this in ſhort 1s, that every thing's impertinent, which contra- dicts the preſent editions of the Fathers; or the | pon doctrines, and the novel uſages os the

oman Church. There are, I confeſs, accord- + ing to the cuſtom of thoſe ages (TI with it were

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* quatre Evangiles ſont ecrits,«ils ſont tres-beaux, & different de 2 ceux que le pere Mabillon a repreſentez dans fa Diplomatique.

= 18. Outrele texte des Evangiles, cet exemplaire contient de pe- - tites Gloſes inrerlinewres en Latin ſur des certains mots: avec quel- 2 ques Notes marginales, qui compoſent une eſpece - de petite

' 2 de St. Auguſtin, de Gennadius, &, ce me ſemble, de Bede; qui- = elſt indique par la ſfeule lettre B, comme St. Jerome eſt indique par

7 la ſeuls lettre H. | : EDS |

2 . 19. Ces Notes, dont 1] y en a quekques-unes-fort impertinentes, MW &c. - 324 | |

- 20, Cet ouyrage, quant aux Notes, eft une compilation qui eſt

2 bonne, lorſque le compilateur cite des bons auteurs; mais quand il

7 paric de ſon chef, il dit quelquesfois de grandes impertinences.

( - onely of thoſe ages) ſeveral allegorical explicati=

17. Pour ce qui eſt des carateres Saxons, dans Fo ces

I Chaine recueilite de St. Hilaire, de St. Ambroiſe, de St. Jerome, '

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ons, which I think impertinent enough ; and it too often appears, how farr ſuperſtitious belief and ceremonitous practice had got footing by that time: but theſe explications are almoſt all of 'em from approv*'d Doctors in the Roman Church, and therfore can be none of thoſe the reverend Father cenſures. He ought likewiſe to have re- mark'd, that in the body of the Notes there ap- car, not onely two different hands, but alſo two orts of ink, which ſhou'd be carefully diſtin- guiſh'd. He fays, its true, there are two diffe- rent hands, and that, ** all appearance thoſe im- pertinent Notes were the compiler's own; part of *'em being in the Saxon, and part in the Latin cha- rafters, wherof theſe laſt are much the lateſt. W heras what appears in the Latin characters, as he calls them, are never mixt with the Notes at all; but ever ſeparate by themſelves, being added ſo lately as to be properly no part of the book : and beſides, that they are not explicatory Notes in the leaſt, but dirc&ions about the diviſion of the text, and the portions to be read at certain times and occaſions; which ſome poſſeſlor of the

| book, long after the finiſhing of it, inſerted for

his own ule and convenience. I agree with him in what he fays of the interlineary Glo/5, which is good for little, and, as I faid before, by ano- ther hand. Burt he's quite out in what he afhrms of the ** various Readings, which he wou'd have found to be conſiderable, had he read over the

| whole text with any application: nor does he

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21. Ces Notes qui ſont apparemment du Compilateur, vien- nent de deux mains; car les unes ſont en caracteres Saxons, & les

. autres en caraCteres Latins: celles-ci ſont beaucoup plus recentes.

22. Quant au fond du texte des Evangiles, il differe peu de no- tre vulgate, £1 Ton excepte un tres-petit nombre d'endroits,

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make any mention of the Iriſh, or, as he wou'd call them, the Saxon ſcraps, that are ſcatter'd

here and there occaſionally. Thus, Sir, I have

barely repreſented matter of fa&t to you, without

- any of thoſe literary excurſions which naturally . offer d themſelves. But e'er I finiſh this account, . you wo'nt be ill pleas'd, I dare fay, if I preſent

you with one or two of the Simonian impertinent

Notes, as a ſpecimen of the reſt. On theſe words therfore, whatſoever thou ſhalt bind on earth, Mat. xvi.

| ſhall be bound in heaven: and whatſoever thou ſhalt *9-

| booſe on earth, ſhall be Ioos'd in heaven, 1s made this

23 Note. The Biſhops and Prieſts make their boaſts

' from this place, and borrow ſome of the pride of the Phariſees; as if they cou'd damn the innocent,

or abſolve the guilty : wheras with the Lord not the

| ſentence of the prieſt, but the life of the finner is

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fit, qui ſolvendus.

examin'd. In the ſame manner that the prieſt cleanſes the leprous perſons in Leviticus (not that the prieſis are able to make them clean or un- clean, but that they know by certain figns thoſe

who are leprous and thoſs who are not) ſo the Biſhop

?n this place binds or looſes, not thoſe who are inno- cent or guilty : but after he has, according to his office, heard the variety of ſinners, he then knows

' who 1s to be bound, and who is to be Joos'd. That

is, he declares them penitent or obſtinate, and conſequently that they are already forgiven, or remain ſtill guilty. His ſentence does nothing

23. Ex hoc loco Epiſcopi & Presbyteri jaQtant, & aſſumunt al!- > 1 de ſuperbia Pharizacorum, ut vel damnent innocentes yel olvant ; cum apud dominum non ſententia, ſed reorum vita, quae- ratur. Quo modo, in Levitico, Sacerdos leproſum mundum facit (non quod Sacerdotes leproſos mundos vel immundos faciant, {e uod habeant notitiam leproſi & non leprofi) fic & hic alligat vei folvit Epiſcopus, non eos qui innocentes ſunt yel noxii: ſed, pre officio ſuo, cum peccatorum audierit yarietates; ſcit qui hgandus

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= #<lfe in this caſe, tho his advice may be very uſe- ful. How much more reaſonable is this doctrine, than the blaſphemous poſition lately advanc'd by ſome 77S aKl wetir (9 in England ; namely, that God ſtands bound to expect, yea and to ratify the ſentence of the Prieſt, even tho erroneouſly pro-

ll! nounc'd: wheras, in the New Teſtament, there's l not a ſyllable of confcfſing to the Prieſt at all. fam. v.16. Confe/s.your faults one to another, 1s not onely the | plaineſt text in the world, but alſo cho-malk ap- X* | rov'd by common ſenſe: for he that commits a 7? ult, it- againſt any particular perſon, ought rea= _ tl dily to acknowledge it, and ask his Ripe. or © t let it be_ of what nature ſoever, he ought ſeri- *

ouſly to adviſe (for the quieting of his mind, if / it be a doubtful or difficult caſe) with ſome * grave and cxperieac'd perſon, be it Layman or X Clergyman, who yet have no other authority but. _ © what 1s merely declarative. The contrary wou'd _ |

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|

be Magic. By the way, you may perceive from this author, that Prieftcraft was breaking in a- main in his time; and I beg you to enquire a- mong your learned acquaintance, of the Iriſh col- lege mn Lovain, who is MancHAnvus? a wri- i ter illuſtrious in this colleEtion, concerning whom, _ | tho there be many of this name, I have my own _ * conjectures. But to return to our Notes, it 18 fl likewife impertinent no doubt, in Father S 1- MON's account, that it is faid the reaſon of blefling the Lord's Supper 24 was, that it might be myſtically made his body; and, in a ſpiritual ſenſe 'ſ this bread is the Church, which is the body of | l CHRIST. - Nor will it by ſome be counted lefs * NS |

lr ws

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" 24. Ut myſtice corpus ejus ficret {piritualiter panis hic Eccle- ſig eſt, quac eſt corpus Chriſti,

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R impertinent, that the Supper is call'd, the *5:my-

ery and figure of the body of CHRisT, and the

Ffrft figure of the, New Teſtament (hinting Bap- = tiſm to be the ſecond) or that tis added, zhis ji- - gure or repreſentation 7s daily reiterated, it 1s re-

ceiv'd in faith: and that:concerning theſe words,

this is my body, it 1s written G_ other 25

© things,. his he ſaid left our faith ſhou”

bout the daily ſacrifice in the Church, as if it were

- the body of CuRiIsT, fince CHRiIsT ſits on the

right hand of God. You ce 'Tranſubſtantion was then getting ground. 1s not, this detach'd Note

_ that follows, the moſt extravagant of all? will

ſtagger a+

. 1t not be ſo accounted by ſome nearer 27 home ?

Let the Prieſts heap up knowledge, *rather - than riches : neither let them be aſham'd to learn from

thoſe Laymen, who know what belongs to the office -

off the Prieſts, Wo be to the author of this Note, tho he ſhow'd prove to be a Father of the

| Church. But, as I hinted before, I hope for a

fitter occaſion to put this book in its due light, haveing had it in my cuſtody above half a year. Ardmacha, commonly Armagh, being the place

where the book was finiſh'd, I ſhall cite «t al-

ways hereafter (when occaſion offers) by the name of Codex Armachanms, or the book of Ar-

magh. The perſon who mores it out of

28 Franc2, was under the ſame illufion with Fa-

ther

- =

—_

25. Myſterium & ficura corporis Chriſti prima novi Teſta- menti figura— Haec vero figura quotidie iteratur, accipitur in fi- de &e. : =”

26. Ft hoc dixit, ne noſtra dubitaret fides de ſacrificio quotidia- no-in Eccleſia, quaſi corpus Chriti efſet; quoniam Chriſtus in dextra Dei ſedet. ane | | =P 27. Augeant Sacerdotes ſcientiam, magis quam divitias; & non erubeſcant difcere a Laicis, qui noverant quae ad officium perti- nent Sacerdotum. |

28. Since the writing of this Diſſertation, is the Year 1709, the

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ther S1monw, that it was the work of an An«= Spec till I undeceiv'd him, together with ome others of great diſtin&tion. _

SECTION I.

OW upon the whole, what from this mas nuſcript Commentator, and ſome other au-

thors not yet better known, tho not leſs ancient, det

if not indeed more fo : and what from the write- * ings of Archbiſhop Usn xs, and other learned

men, it may be moſt evidently made out; that 1 the Religion which the aboriginal Iriſh profeſt,

eſpecially before the ninth century, was not *'* that, wherof the bulk of their poſterity are ſo * fond at this day. Chriſtianity got footing in *' ſome parts of Ireland, long before PALL avt us and PATRiIc, the ſuppos'd firſt preachers of it there: and